United States Government and Politics

According to Allcitycodes, the United States is a constitutional, presidential, and federal republic. His government has limited powers listed in the United States Constitution, but the president has a nuclear briefcase with which to unleash the destruction of the world. Its form of government is known as “presidential democracy” because there is a president. The election of the president is indirect through delegates and in them the corporations that provide millionaire funds for electoral advertising play a decisive role.

Electoral system

The powers of the president reach not only the head of state, but also the executive power and the ability to veto some decisions of the legislative power. There are three levels of government: the federal level, the state level, and the local level. The leaders of these territorial administrations are elected by voters by universal suffrage or appointed by other elected officials.

All Americans have the right to vote from the age of 18, but there are limits on the right to vote for those in prison for committing crimes that carry as an accessory penalty the restriction of voting; In some states, criminal and penitentiary legislation restricts the right to vote even in spite of having served the sentence and the residents of the dependencies and the federal district are represented only by a delegate to Congress who does not vote. To exercise the right to vote, you must register in a voter registry.

The country is made up of 50 autonomous states in its internal regime. The main political parties are the Republican Party and the Democratic Party, which dominate the political scene for what some consider the system of this country as a two-party democracy, but authors such as Michael Moore speak that there is only one party: that of the rich. Other parties of less importance are the Green Party, the Constitution Party and the Libertarian Party but their role is symbolic since they do not have the economic resources for a national campaign, they are practically unrepresentative by virtue of the fact that the Democratic and Republican parties have more than 95% of the territorial representation.

The North American electoral system, despite its central character in the political system of that country, presents a series of increasingly pronounced contradictions as the nation has expanded, both in territorial terms and in terms of the definition of regional and global imperialist interests. Citizen participation in electoral processes, either as voters or as candidates, presents serious impediments, which make the practice move further and further away from what can be considered paradigmatic in the exercise of democracy.

Many impediments are placed for voters to vote since the elections are held on a working day and it is necessary to move to where the corresponding electoral college operates, as voting is not mandatory and the responsibility to vote falls entirely on the citizen, many people don’t vote.

To show the low participation of the people in local elections, suffice it to say that in 1999, the Mayor of the city of Dallas was elected with the vote of 5% of the registered voters, and that of San Antonio with 7.5%. Regarding presidential elections, we already know that Presidents are elected with just over 20%, and sometimes, as in 2000, appointed instead of elected.

José Martí, very knowledgeable about the irregularities in the North American electoral system, went so far as to say:

“Our Greece is preferable to the Greece that is not ours. The world is attached to our Republics but the trunk has to be that of our Republics…. Only the forms of government that are born from them take root in the nations.” [twenty-one]

International policy

United States-Cuba conflict

Relations between Cuba and the United States date back almost two centuries. In terms of the aspirations and fundamental objectives, both of the different classes and groups that have integrated the internal political reality of Cuba, and of the essential objectives that have preceded the behavior of the United States towards the Island, the political essences of the confrontation between both countries appear to have stood the test of time.

From very early times, at the end of the 18th century, the founding fathers of the North American nation looked towards Cuba with the greed typical of those who admire a beautiful ripe fruit that would end up falling into their hands.

Along with the founding project of the North American nation, the political culture emerged that has always seen Cuba as a natural extension of the continental United States. This is how the Founding Fathers saw it, including Thomas Jeffersonand John Quincy Adams, the latter with his theory of “Political Gravitation” or better known as the “Ripe Fruit Doctrine.” [22] Subsequently, until today, practically no US administration has managed to get rid of it, which is by no means a simple image, but a political conception. One of the axes of the external projection of the United States in this hemisphere. So, towards the end of the first quarter of the nineteenth century, Cuba’s destiny was already designed, to be from Spain while it could not pass into the hands of the United States.

The struggle in which Cuba has yet to continue facing the United States is not only or simply against the intentions of a North American political sector or sectors that do not accept the existing form of government in Cuba and wish to return the Island to their homeland. neocolonial status, but more than that, it is the struggle against the confluence between that part of the political culture of the United States that sees Cuba as one more extension of the continental territory of the North American nation and that part of the Cuban political culture, which he always accepted Plattism as a political variant for Cuba.

The 17 of December of 2014 in a simultaneous speech [23] the presidents of Cuba, Raul Castro Ruz and Barack Obama, the United States announced the restoration of diplomatic relations between the two countries. In his, the US president recognized the failure of the economic blockade policy against Cuba and the need to make a change in this regard. Along these lines, he announced a group of actions to be taken by his administration to ease the blockade against the Island [24] .

The changes announced by President Barack Obama in his communiqué [25] were released by the White House in a communication [26] specifying that the measures will be implemented through amendments to the rules of the Treasury Department and the Department of Commerce.

For its part, the government of Cuba expressed in its communiqué [27] that it adopt mutual measures to improve the bilateral climate and move towards the normalization of ties between the two countries, based on the principles of International Law and the Charter of the United Nations.

United States Government and Politics